Last week, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) created a new standard that will limit the amount of soot produced from manufacturers, power plants, diesel engines, and other polluters. This restriction will be implemented by 2020, and those who do not meet this standard will be faced with severe penalties.
In 1997, the EPA set the annual limit of 15 micrograms per cubic meter of air, but the federal government argued that this was not strong enough to protect the health of the surrounding communities. Since then, the agency has decided to reduce this limit to 12 micrograms, within the limit recommended by the advisory panel.
Health studies have found that those who have exposure to these tiny particles have heightened risk of heart disease, bronchitis, strong asthma attacks and even early death. States will be accountable for determining the methods they wish to take in order to reduce these emissions. EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson commented, “These fine particles penetrate deep into the lungs, causing serious and costly health effects. As a mother of two sons who have battled asthma, the benefits are not just numbers or abstract concepts.”
The EPA has analyzed the pros and cons of this ruling. The cost to implement this would range from $53 million to $350 million, but estimates have also shown that it will save up to 40,000 lives, while cutting annual health care bills by up to $9 billion.
Sixty-six counties are currently not meeting this standard, including the cities of Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, Cleveland, St. Louis, Houston, and Chicago. The EPA projects that by 2020, when this rule is in full swing, only seven counties (all located in California) will exceed this limit.
Although this decision has much support among the community and environmentalists, there are many critics. Representatives of the utility industry have requested that the EPA postpone this ruling, claiming that it will create a hefty financial burden on certain areas. Manufacturers and chemical companies, represented by trade associations, say that new businesses will find it difficult to acquire the proper permits, which will have a negative effect on job creation.
The National Association of Manufacturers is fighting for the EPA to consider keeping the original standard of 15 micrograms. President and CEO Jay Timmons has stated, “With the fiscal cliff only a few weeks away and so much hanging in the balance, the EPA displayed a staggering level of shortsightedness by dropping another harsh regulation on America’s job creators.”
Although environmentalists have applauded the EPA’s verdict, certain manufacturing associations have considered filing for lawsuits. Despite the conflicting views, Jackson has confirmed that the agency will continue to apply more pollution rules on power plants and refineries that have been postponed because of the recent election.
Energy Curtailment Specialists, Inc.